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Letters, Arts, and Sciences

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Letters, Arts, and Sciences is a multi-disciplinary, theme-oriented, and student-designed Liberal Arts major leading to a bachelors of arts degree. Students formulate a unique theme (a topic, idea, or issue they wish to explore). After thorough research and consultation with a Letters, Arts, and Sciences adviser, they design a program of study that investigates that theme from the viewpoint of at least three different subject areas.

Who should enter the Letters, Arts, and Sciences major?

If you have thoroughly investigated the many majors at Penn State and believe that none of them address your particular academic interests, you may wish to design an individualized plan of study that consists of courses offered by various departments. To be a Letters, Arts, and Sciences students, you must have an interest in several fields rather than only one, and you must make a commitment in time and effort to design your own coherent plan of study. Liberal Arts advisers are available to assist you as you explore the many options available to you in the college. If, after your investigation of majors in the standard disciplines, you find that none can adequately meet your academic goals, you may be a candidate for Letters, Arts, and Sciences.

Who should not enter the Letters, Arts, and Sciences major?

Letters, Arts, and Sciences is not designed to accommodate students who have been unsuccessful at meeting their academics goals (failed to meet entrance-to-major requirements) in another major. Similarly, Letters, Arts, and Sciences is not designed to provide a major for students who have accumulated many credits and wish to use them most efficiently (students who have changed majors several times and completed many credits in unrelated disciplines). Students many not duplicate existing majors from any academic area. As a Letters, Arts, and Sciences students, you are required to think about your goals and plan more thoroughly and thoughtfully than you would in most other majors. Since the LAS majors in not prescriptive in terms of course selection, you will be called upon to engage in a continual process of evaluation that will lead you to make informed decisions. Unless you are prepared to assume these responsibilities, you should not consider entering the Letters, Arts, and Sciences major.

What do I do if I am interested in Letters, Arts, and Sciences?

We recommend that you first read the FAQs below. Once you read them, you may schedule an appointment with Letters, Arts, and Sciences adviser Julianna Chaszar.


What are the program requirements in Letters, Arts, and Sciences?

To earn a bachelor of arts degree in Letters, Arts, and Sciences, a minimum of 120 credits is required in the following areas:

General Education: 45 credits

B.A. Degree Requirements: 1224 credits

Major Requirements: 36 credits (All major courses must be completed with a “C” or above.)

Electives: 15–27 credits

Major "Core" Requirements: 

12 credits related to your theme and that contain elements of the skills outlined below:

  • 3 credits research methods projects
  • 3 credits critical analysis
  • 3 credits communication skills
  • 3 credits theory/application

Research methods/projects: 3 credits in a course that involves research methodology or that focuses on a research project relevant to your plan of study. Types of courses include: all courses numbered 294/494, all laboratory courses, all statistical analysis courses, all research methodology courses.

Critical analysis: 3 credits in a course that focuses on evaluation, synthesis, and analysis. An independent study course designed to be a capstone course for your plan of study is recommended. Other types of courses include: criticism, comparative studies, and policy analysis.

Communication skills: 3 credits in a course that focuses on verbal, written, or symbolic expression. Types of courses include: speaking, writing, action, production of fine arts, signing, and symbolic logic.

Theory/application: 3 credits in a course that focuses on theory, principle, central concepts, or fundamental issues in a disciplinary group. Types of courses include: theory, major figures, basic problems, and base principles.

Major "Option" Requirements:

24 credits chosen to further develop your major theme

  • Each of these courses must relate to your stated theme
  • At least three subject areas must be represented
  • A minimum of 15 credits must be at the 400-level; 3 of the 15 credits are reserved for the LAS capstone course
  • A minimum of 9 credits must be in the social sciences and humanities

The Letters, Arts, and Sciences capstone course: As part of your 15 credits of 400-level work, you must complete a capstone course or experience that will help you reflectively consider what you have learned in your individual courses related to your overall theme and apply your knowledge and skills in a unified manner. Options for the capstone may include a lecture or seminar course that meets the goals of a capstone and relates to your theme, undergraduate research credits (culminating in a project), internship credits (when the internship is appropriately centered on your theme), thesis credits, independent study credits, or education abroad credits (when the study abroad experience is central to your theme).


Guidelines for Writing Your Proposal

You are undertaking an enormous responsibility by choosing Letters, Arts, and Sciences as your major. In an established major, faculty within their departments have already determined the courses students must complete to develop competency in a discipline; the major curriculum is then reviewed and approved by the University Faculty Senate. As a Letters, Arts, and Sciences major, however, you must do the work to design a program with academic integrity worthy of a bachelor of arts degree. To be eligible for entrance to the major, you must then submit a thoughtful and well-written proposal to the college’s Letters, Arts, and Sciences committee for review. You may not duplicate existing majors from an academic area. Your proposal must be submitted and approved prior to completion of 60 credits; therefore, it is important to begin work on your proposal before the spring of your sophomore year. If your proposal is denied, you will not be eligible to major in Letters, Arts, and Sciences.

I. Before you write your proposal

Thoroughly explore other majors, both in the College of the Liberal Arts and in other colleges, to make certain that there is no other major or major/minor combination that will accommodate your needs. Develop a clear understanding of your theme of study, narrowing it down as much as possible. Avoid vagueness and generalities in your writing. Consult a Letters, Arts, and Sciences adviser to ensure that you understand the major, then take the following steps before you begin to write your proposal:

  • Using the current University Bulletin as a guide, make a list of courses you would like to take in support of your theme
  • Obtain syllabi of the courses on your list, or consult professors who teach those courses: Will those courses provide the knowledge you seek?
  • Ask departments how often courses are offered and during what semesters. Some courses may or may not be viable choices. You need to know this before you include them in your proposal.
  • Investigate academic or enrollment controls. (Alternates must be listed for any controlled course.)
  • Check on prerequisites: Make sure you build prerequisites into your academic plan as general education or elective courses.
  • Make sure that at least three subject areas are represented in your selection of your “option” courses. (If your list reflects a majority of courses in one subject area, you should consider majoring in that discipline.)
  • Using a Letters, Arts, and Sciences audit, plan your courses semester-by-semester to verify that you will meet all general education, bachelor of arts, elective, and major requirements.

II. Writing Your Proposal

Your proposal must follow the format below:

  1. Proposal Cover Sheet: Complete this coversheet; be sure to include a brief statement of your theme.
  2. Statement of Theme: This is an in-depth essay in which you a) clearly and precisely articulate your theme of study, and b) explain why you are not able to accomplish your goals in a standard major.
  3. Academic Plan: This is a detailed justification of your selection of each of the 12 courses selected to complete the core and option areas. In the core, you must justify how each course relates to your theme, as well as how each course leads to the development of skills in the prescribed categories (research, critical analysis, communication, and theory/application). In the option, you must justify how each course relates to your theme and how the courses are related to one another. This section should not simply reiterate course descriptions or informational content; rather, it should address your specific curricular expectations.
  4. Statement of Educational and Career Expectations: This is a paragraph (at minimum) in which you summarize your educational and career goals.
  5. Summary of Related Activities: This is a paragraph (at minimum) in which you summarize any activities (extracurricular, employment, internship, etc.) that contribute to or are enhanced by your academic plan.

III. Submit Your Proposal

Submit your proposal to your Letters, Arts, and Sciences adviser for review. Note that your proposal must be completed and approved by the Liberal Arts Office of Undergraduate Studies prior to completion of 60 credits, so plan in advance to allow enough time for any suggested revisions. Your adviser will contact you when your proposal has been reviewed.

IV. Declare Your Major

Approval of a proposal does not automatically admit one into to the Letters, Arts, and Sciences major. If approved, you will work with your adviser to request the major through LionPATH via “update academics.”

V. Continuous Assessment

Your plans may change as you progress through your education. Similarly, you should plan to participate in a continuous assessment of your academic plan to make sure that it accurately reflects any changes in your educational or career goals.


Policy Statements for Letters, Arts, and Sciences Students

Minors

Courses that fulfill minor requirements may be double-counted without restriction in Letters, Arts, and Sciences core and option.

Transfer Credits

A maximum of 3 credits of transferred coursework may be counted as a 400-level selection in the option; students must provide documentation of the upper-division nature of that work.

Cumulative Use of Generically Numbered Courses

Students may use a maximum of 6 credits of generically numbered credits in the option (i.e. any combination of x94, x95, x96, x97). Specific limits are outlined below:

  • Special Topics: maximum 6 credits
  • Independent Study: maximum 6 credits
  • Internship: maximum 3 credits
  • Research: maximum 6 credits

Independent Learning

No student may complete the Letters, Arts, and Sciences option primarily through independent learning.

Entrance-to-Major Requirements

To be eligible to enter Letters, Arts, and Sciences major, students must have:

  • An approved Letters, Arts, and Sciences proposal on file prior to completion of 60 credits;
  • A 2.00 cumulative grade point average;
  • An average of C or high in courses already taken for the major;
  • A minimum of 27.5 credits completed.

Graduation Standards

Letters, Arts, and Sciences students are subject to the same graduation standards as all other baccalaureate degree candidates in the College of the Liberal Arts. 


Additional Resources

Information for Prospective Students
LAS Proposal Amendment Form 
Coversheet for LAS Proposal

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